Buzz Aldrin on Travel to Mars

Buzz Aldrin was the second man to walk on the moon and he has plans for humans to inhabit the Red Planet. Many believe that humans need to look beyond Earth to survive, and Mars is looked upon as the habitat of choice. But what does Aldrin think about the space tourism plans of rich people such as Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos?

Aldrin on Space Tourism

Aldrin believes that human commercial activities in low-earth orbit, that area where navigation and military satellites are located as is the International Space Station, will be very important. The cost of activities in LEO will be lower than the journey to Mars, but the investment will be significant to Mars missions.

Multihyphenate Elon Musk set up SpaceX, an aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company, in 2002 to reduce space transportation costs and enable the colonization of Mars. Both the Falcon and Dragon line deliver payloads into earth orbit.

Musk announced in February of this year that his company has been contacted by two space tourists who made a significant deposit to go to the moon. SpaceX announced that the tourists will have to begin training and undergo fitness tests to make them flight ready by 2018.

Amazon’s Jeff Bezos also created a company called Blue Origin that will deal with space transport, with plans for a cargo-delivery service to the Moon.

Aldrin clearly appreciates the efforts of both men but he’s much more looking forward to the possibility of humans living on Mars.

Aldrin on Mars

Aldrin is clearly passionate about establishing a human settlement in Mars so much so that he has actually created a plan for it called Cycling Pathways.

The Earth and Mars align every 26 months and travel to Mars should be done during that period. Humans will be transported to the Red Planet on one or two Earth-Mars “Cyclers” with a single launch. Aldrin believes that this model will cost less than the plans outlined by NASA.

Aldrin isn’t much in favor of a one-off mission, but one that continuously cycles between Earth and the Moon, then Earth and Mars. Doing this allows the constant movement of not just people but also equipment and supplies.

Apart from outlining a plan to get to Mars, Aldrin is also raising money through his non-profit ShareSpace Foundation for the education and development of next-generation space innovators who will help secure the habitation of Mars.

Aldrin hopes to get humans on the Red Planet by 2039. The year is significant as it will mark the 50th anniversary of the moon landing, and Aldrin believes that US President Donald Trump should announce a commitment to ensure that it actually happens. Trump signed a NASA funding bill that supports the exploration of Mars in April that set a target date for a manned mission by 2033.

Historical accounts will always recognize Aldrin’s involvement in the lunar landings, but he wants to be remembered as “the man who led the world to Mars.”

 

Space Tourists to Wear Special Spatial Socks

Space tourism might have been a mere idea, decades ago, but when American business tycoon, Dennis Tito spent eight days in space in 2001 after paying $20 million, the possibility of ordinary people going to outer space might become a reality soon. In fact, known balloon company, Zero 2 Infinity, has already created a partnership with Sock’M, a Spanish company that manufactures socks.

What makes this partnership out-of-the-ordinary is the reason behind such as collaboration. These two companies might belong to two different industries but they have one goal: to come up with “space socks” to be worn by tourists while on high-altitude balloon flights in near-space.

Space Socks

The special socks will be designed specifically for people who get the chance to explore near-space under the Barcelona-based company’s program known as Bloon. This will offer commercial high-altitude balloon trips to passengers who want to experience this kind of adventure, high up in the air while wearing comfortable and safe socks.

These socks will be made of non-flammable materials to minimize the possibility of the balloon catching fire. Aside from the fabric, these products will also be capable of keeping the feet warm with its thickness.

When in space, there is no gravity at all and without protection, blood on the feet will rush to the head and blood pressure will drop. The thickness of the socks will give ample heat and keep them warm.

Representatives of the sock company said that synthetic fibers, used in other socks, are not ideal for space since these can cause electrostatic sparks. They also added that treating the socks with silver coating or antimicrobial treatment is necessary.

Meanwhile, those who want to own these specially designed socks but do not have plans of going on high-altitude balloon flights can also have the chance to enjoy the feel of these comfortable products. Sock’M will also be offering “Space Socks” to consumers but with cotton material.

In a statement made by representatives of Sock’M, they said that materials used for space socks need to be natural to enhance moisture absorption and should be stretchable. These include natural materials, such as wool, linen or cotton.

Balloon-assisted Launcher Test Flight

As of today, commercial high-altitude balloon trips for passengers are not yet available but Zero 2 Infinity has been very busy to make this a reality for the near future. The company was able to conduct a test flight when it deployed a small satellite launcher using a balloon, a project they it has been developing for four years.

 

The stratospheric balloon was able to carry the launcher up to around 15 miles, during a test done in March 2017. For its future plans, the company is looking forward to offering space tourism by way of helium balloon flights that have an altitude of up to 22 miles, with passengers onboard.

Meanwhile, Raul Espada, CEO of Sock’M mentioned their company’s intention to change the notion of space tourism only being for people who have lots of expendable cash.

 

SpaceX Launches Satellite Using Used Booster Rocket

It’s a well-known fact that launching rockets into space is a costly business. However, SpaceX is poised to change this through the reusable rocket that it has developed and successfully re-launched.

The company, which was founded by tech entrepreneur Elon Musk in 2002, launched the recycled Falcon 9 rocket in March 30, 2017. The rocket had already flown in April 2016, when it was used to send supplies to the International Space Station. After its supply mission last year, the Falcon 9 successfully landed on a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean.

This time, on its second launch, the booster was used to carry a satellite for Luxembourg-based telecommunications company SES. Once it completed its mission, it performed another successful landing on the drone ship “Of Course I Still Love You” in the Atlantic. This marked the first time in history that a space rocket was successfully used more than once and came back secure and unharmed, ready for another use.

This is an excellent feather in the cap for SpaceX, which has suffered highly publicized setbacks over the years as it strove to perfect the technique of recovering used rockets. It also brings the company closer to its goal of launching its first space tourism mission in 2018, although it admittedly has to pass numerous hurdles before this can happen.

However, it’s important to note that this achievement is not just for SpaceX — it’s also a huge step forward for the entire aerospace industry. SpaceX founder Elon Musk points out that this is “ultimately a huge revolution in spaceflight”, comparing it to how people can enjoy dependable commercial airplanes instead of junking them after each flight. He states that the reusability of SpaceX’s rockets can “inform the decisions of other space organizations” and push them to go down the same path in order to stay competitive.

Having reusable boosters will significantly lower their manufacturing cost, which is now at around $60 million. Musk reveals that they might ultimately develop rockets that can be reused hundreds of times, which will further make them less expensive to build. When this happens, space travel and tourism will become cheaper and more available even to ordinary folks.

Musk also points out that future rockets might be designed and built in a way that they can be relaunched within 24 hours after landing. This time frame will considerably cut down the waiting time in space travel and allow companies to run several flights in a day.

Of course, reusable rockets solve one of the biggest dilemmas in space tourism: ensuring that shuttles can take off from the place where they have landed. Right now, this is virtually impossible to do unless shuttles carry another rocket for the return trip or humans build facilities to manufacture boosters on the destination planet/s.

There’s no need to do any of these once relaunchable rockets are developed — if a spacecraft lands on Mars, for instance, it can simply reuse its existing boosters to get back to earth. Through this, SpaceX CEO Gwynne Shotwell assures that people don’t have to worry a “one-way trip to Mars” and that “whoever we take can come back”.

 

Florida WeAreGoFL Campaign for Vacationauts

First, there was Virgin Galactic, founded British Tycoon Richard Branson, a space tourism advocate, that aims to send ordinary people to space and then Elon Musk’s Space X with a vision of Mars colonization by 2025. While it might take years for those who signed up to go to the outer space like Ashton Kutcher and Angelina Jolie and the carbon-fiber tank for the Mars space craft had just been tested, Sunshine State, Florida, is already busy with their space tourism project, that is turn vacationers to  “vacationauts”.

In their bid to convince tourists to not just visit the beaches and theme parks while in Florida, but also, experience space by being able to watch rocket launches from Cape Canaveral sites from view locations like New Smyrna and Cocoa beaches. This is made possible by the space development agency, Space Florida in collaboration with Paradise Advertising, with the former, being funded by the state.

This partnership resulted to the creation of an interactive phone app, We Are Go Vacationauts, a website, social media app and the launching of an advertising campaign “WeAreGoFL” last September 23.

According to the Chief Creative Officer Tom Merrick, their goal is to get the more than 100 million tourists of the state to enjoy beyond just having fun at the beach and become interested about space science. The interactive app includes quizzes and missions about space exploration. Another feature that is quite interesting is the launch compass that points to the launch sites and will direct users to the site of the next launch so they can witness it first-hand.

It also gives suggestions for the best beach locations perfect for watching rocket launches. Moreover, the app also includes other information as well as urges people to drop by the Kennedy Space Center Visitor’s Complex, which is just a drive away from the main tourist spot, Orlando, the Air Force Space and Missile Museum, the Exploration Tower at Port Canaveral and the Space Shuttle Atlantis exhibit.

What is great about this app is that users can sign in for free. Aside from missions, app users can also answer different quizzes that will gauge their knowledge about the galaxies, The Milky Way and Mars, among others. They also have a chance to win a Vacationauts mission kit, complete with Vacationaut supplies, astronaut ice-cream and a classic-looking metal lunch box.

SpaceFlorida is also very much active in social media to keep space enthusiasts in the loop. Active social media users also have a chance to win 26 badges that gives them the rank of “Captain Vacationaut”. WeAreGoFL.com can also help tourists in planning their trip by including other destinations and activities not related to space.

WeAreGoFL spokesperson, Terry Preston also mentioned that they still have other plans to continue reaching out to potential visitors by making their web presence more effective. In the coming months, they will be giving out giveaways online which include patches and pens.

If this campaign picks up and becomes successful, expect more tourists to head to the Space Coast in days to come.

 

Russian Space Tourism Company Plans Trip Around the Moon

The S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation (RSC) or Energia in Russia, in partnership with Space Adventures in the US, had made the latest bid to expand the space tourism industry with a trip into the moon’s orbit. Basically, this would be an 8-person expedition on an upgraded Soyuz spacecraft, with ticket prices starting at $150 million per person.

A spokesperson from Space Adventures said that their company has already attracted a number of interests for the flight around the moon, with the first departure planned to be commenced in 2020. He stated, “We are considering eight potential candidates, which are ready to pay for such an expedition. There is a Japanese family among them, for instance…Once we have a critical mass of confirmed applications for a trip around the Moon, we will be able to begin large-scale work.” Among the people who have expressed interest in booking such a trip also include filmmaker James Cameron.

Stating his opinion on the project, general director of Energia, Vladimir Solntsev, said, “We have a preliminary design for upgrading the Soyuz spacecraft, which was conceived with the possibility of organizing a Moon expedition in mind. The upgraded Soyuz will be able to carry out a short flight to the Moon, which will allow it to circle the Earth’s satellite.”

The Soyuz spacecraft was first designed by Russia in the 1960’s during the Soviet Union’s race for the moon, and then went on to become the longest-serving and most-used spacecraft in the world. It was the first spacecraft that offered tourists flights to the International Space Station (ISS). However, it was decommissioned by NASA in 2010, making it only available for shuttling astronauts and supplies to and from the ISS, which meant that the space shuttle was no longer available for transporting tourists to the station.

However, there are now a number of space tourism companies designing their own spacecraft to try and corner the niche market, such as KosmoKurs (another Russian company) that has been licensed by Roscosmos to ferry tourists into low Earth orbit for 15 minutes at a price of $200,000-$250,000, using a capsule that accommodates 1 pilot and 6 passengers and allows them to experience minutes of zero gravity. As you may have already know, Virgin Galatic in the US has also been testing their SpaceShipTwo spacecraft that is planned to take tourists on suborbital flights costing $250,000 for each of its passengers.

Another project is the Blue Origin by Jeff Bezos who planned to start providing short space tourist trips in 2018 if testing on its New Shepard launch vehicle goes well. And of course, the SpaceX project by Elon Musk has been ferrying astronauts to the ISS for years, though it is yet to show interest in the space tourism business for the moon, but amazingly, the company has made headlines when they announced plans to start colonizing Mars in 2018.

However, plans to take tourists to space are still subject to change, considering that NASA is planning to sell off the ISS to a commercial partner who would take over responsibilities for the station.

 

Reference

http://www.inquisitr.com/3446783/russian-space-tourist-company-eyes-flight-around-the-moon-with-upgraded-soyuz-spacecraft/

 

SpaceX to Send Tourist to Mars within 10 Years

Elon Musk, the CEO of SpaceX and Tesla, has been drawing in interest from a lot of people around the world by making exciting promises with regards to his space exploration ventures, which include putting the first human beings on Martian soil by 2025. This was something that Musk promised at Vox Media’s Code Conference, which was held at Rancho Palos Verdes in California.

Sending humans—astronauts and space tourists—to the Red Planet Mars has definitely become a big race these days not only between private aerospace firms, but also between nations. Things have become more interesting when the SpaceX CEO boldly announced that he would make adjustments to his company’s outlooks, revealing that they might be able to send people to Mars by 2024, with the first batch arriving at the planet by 2025. However, his ambitions are still subjected to delays, taking for example the need for SpaceX reschedule their Falcon Heavy launch by the end of 2016.

Nevertheless, his company has been seen making impressive achievements, like launching and landing some of their rockets, which are said to be reused in the coming months.

Though it is still to be known whether or not Musk himself likes to go to Mars, he is often observed to possess an aggressive mentality towards his companies’ efforts to achieve its objectives. In fact, he was caught implying that choosing to die on the Red Planet might not a bad idea. He said, “It’s not some sort of Martian death wish.”

When asked for a reason why we should colonize Mars, Musk answered that it is important to be “out there among the stars”. He said, “It’s the exciting, inspiring future that I think people want.” He added that human beings could make themselves a “multi-planet species” that could eventually reach other stellar systems or other corners of the known universe. He even became poetic in his speech about his plans, saying “one has to be able to think of things like that to be glad to wake up every morning, especially because life is not just about solving problems.” “There have to be things that are inspiring and exciting and make you glad to be alive,” Musk added.

Bits of SpaceX’s plans have already been announced on the official Twitter page, stating that they are set to send their Dragon spacecraft to Mars in 2018, though it would not carry any astronaut as of that time.

Long been an advocate of setting up a colony on Mars, Musk announced in 2012 that he would work out a plan to send an average person on a round-trip to the planet for $500,000. While his tune has seemed to be a little muffled now, his new estimate to achieve it before 2026 is still received as fairly optimistic. SpaceX is expected to get to Mars using their Falcon Heavy launch vehicle and the recently announced Dragon capsule.

Aside from this, Musk has also been talking about other interesting topics, including one where his company is vying for government contracts and how the Dragon project is going to compete against other big players, such as Boeing, for the Commercial Crew Program of NASA to take astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS).

 

Reference

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/162568/20160602/spacex-could-launch-manned-mission-to-mars-by-2025-elon-musk.htm